Our Neighbors to the North

The history of black people in Canada goes back to, and is intertwined with, French and British settler/trader history in both what became Canada and what became United States. An excellent timeline can be found HERE and HERE, covering 1600-the present and divided into four time periods.

William Hall 1857 receives Victoria Cross
The first named black person arrived in Canada in 1605: Mathieu da Costa was a freeman who was hired as a translator for Samuel de Champlain. The American Revolution (blacks who supported the English left as the political winds blew against that side) and slavery/The Civil War in the United States were both instigators for free and enslaved blacks to find their way to Canada. While many black people in Canada had also arrived enslaved, because Canada had remained part of Britain and France longer than the US had, the laws of abolition enacted in France and Britain earlier encouraged blacks in the US to go north.

The history of Black Canada is a rich one. Early on, blacks were involved in sports, the military, politics, and medicine.  But like the history of blacks in United States, times have not been easy. There are issues of injustice and inequality.  Through all of this, people make art, are successful, work on changing the situations and the narratives. More images of black Canadians can be found HERE (with some black
Jennifer Hodge de Silva 1951-1989 filmmaker
Americans also included!).

Black Canadians in older, established neighborhoods in various cities are facing issues of gentrification and of having their histories erased or made invisible. In July-Aug 2017, there is a 30 minute documentary at the Vancouver Art Gallery showing three Vancouver black women being interviewed about how the black community in Vancouver, BC is being rendered invisible. It is well worth seeing.

Black Canadians in Queens Park 1920 with Ontario Premier


Summer Projects....for You!

Summer is a great time to catch up on reading; to learn about people and places not necessarily in the headlines, but worth knowing; to share stories and information with friends and family. This blog has, in the past, posted on travel to heritage beaches, to National Park Sites of historic interest, travel through books and reading, travel with historic themes. These can be accessed by clicking on the Blog Archive listed in the column to the right of this page. Below is a mere sample of places and people to visit with this summer. Make your own suggestions and explorations in the comment section of this blog post!

Rhiannon Giddens

Blogs/websites to check out:
The Walking Ghosts of Black History
Black Media Mine
field negro
Black Science Fiction Society
Official Black German Society
The Black Presence in Britain

Abdulrazak Gurnah

Homegoing by Yaa Gyasi
Stay with Me by Ayobami Adebayo
Gravel Heart by Abdulrazak Gurnah
The Book Smugglers of Timbuktu by Charlie English
The Underground Railroad by Colson Whitehead


Tracy K. Smith

Tracy K. Smith, Poet Laureate of the United States 2017
Angel Gardner, Youth Poet Laureate Seattle 2016
Francis Kéré, Architect  In the news.
Rhiannon Giddens, musician (Freedom Highway, original music based on narratives of the enslaved). Check out this fabulous interview on NPR with this MacArthur Genius recipient!